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Main Battles* in The Cousins' War **

DATE
NAME
VICTOR***
No. Combatants****
LOSSES****
22nd May 1455
First Battle of St Albans
York
6,000
300 to 400
23rd Sep 1459
Battle of Blore Heath
York
14,000 to 18,000
about 3,000
10th Jul 1460
Battle of Northampton
York
15,000
300
30th Dec 1460
Battle of Wakefield
Lancaster
possibly up to 20,000
possibly 3,000
2nd Feb 1461
Battle of Mortimer’s Cross
York
unknown - possibly 6,000
unknown - possibly 4,000
17th Feb 1461
Second Battle of St Albans
Lancaster
up to 25,000
possibly 6,000
29th Mar 1461
Battle of Towton
York
50,000 to 60,000
up to 28,000
25th Apr 1464
Battle of Hedgeley Moor
York
11,000
unknown
15th May 1464
Battle of Hexham
York
5,000 to 6,000
100 to 300
June 1464
Siege of Bamburgh Castle
York
unknown
unknown
26th Jul 1469
Battle of Edgcote Moor
Lancaster
at least 5,000
uncertain but possibly high
12th Mar 1470
Battle of Empingham (Losecoat field)
York
unknown
unknown
14th Apr 1471
Battle of Barnet
York
possibly 40,000
up to 1,500
4th May 1471
Battle of Tewkesbury
York
up to 10,000
possibly 3,000
22nd Aug 1485
Battle of Bosworth
Lancaster
20,000
1,000 to 1,500
16th Jun 1487
Battle of Stoke Field
Lancaster
20,000
7,000
*These are only the main actions of the conflict, there were many others large, small or sprawling spread across the period
**The name "Wars of the Roses" did not exist in the fifteenth century and is generally credited by being coined by Sir Walter Scott in 1829. It is also doubtful that there was a red rose of Lancaster during the conflict as it seems to have been adopted by the Tudor Household - and hence their Lancastrian cousins - after 1485
*** House of York and House of Lancaster, not the cities or the counties
**** Due to lack or loss of documentation all figures given are approximations